It is estimated that 15% of the population have a disability. Some are visible, some invisible/hidden.
In Guernsey there are an estimated 13,000, of which 4000 experience significant difficulties in their daily lives. A large proportion of these will not be outwardly disabled.
What on earth is an invisible disability?
An invisible, or hidden, disability is one that is not overtly apparent to the general public. Maybe if you watch someone closely you will notice them struggling to navigate around a bar, or wincing in pain, yet there's no symbols to tell the world that they have a disability.
One of my specialisms is the stigma of visual impairment, largely because this was one of the topics of my research whilst at University. Another reason I have an interest in visual impairment is because I myself have a degenerative retinal condition that has resulted in my being classified as significantly sight impaired. I rarely use a cane and therefore if I do bump into something or someone many will assume I am clumsy, not looking where I am going, or something else.
From my research into visual impairment I discovered that many VIPs (visually impaired persons) experience stigma and have also experienced negative responses from members of the public, been the victims of abuse and violence, and are cautious about identifying themselves as blind due to the rhetoric towards the disabled as being benefit scroungers. The UN also discusses how those with disabilities are more likely to experience violence than those without.
There is, however, an interesting finding from my research. That was that the visually impaired, whilst they do experience actual stigma and discrimination, their anticipation of experiencing stigma and discrimination is higher than the actual experience. This same phenomena has been found in people with breast cancer too who envisage stigma following a mastectomy to be worse than it really is. In breast cancer this can result in women opting not to have potentially life saving surgery due to the fear of the stigma they will experience afterwards.
Therefore, our own minds are worse than the reality. Many do not allow themselves to experience that reality due to their perceptions of it being worse. Often by stopping our struggles with what our mind is telling us, we can continue with life in spite of the disability that we have.
It can be difficult for members of the public to comprehend hidden disabilities. An example is someone using a white cane/long cane, walks onto a bus or a tube if in London. They find a seat, maybe someone gives their disabled seat or standard seat up for the person. Next thing the person pulls out their iphone, or a book, and starts reading. This looks as though they are faking it. And many have been accused of doing so in the past. The thing is, are they faking it? No. Nobody uses a long cane for fun. A condition like mine, Retinitis Pigmentosa, results in the periphery of my vision deminishing so I have a small area of vision in the centre. I cannot see anyone stood or sat next to me unless I look directly at them. Similarly I cannot see small children in front of me, dogs, and obstacles such as wet floor signs. I can, however, use the little remaining vision I have to read. My condition affects approximately 1 in 4000 people and there are many conditions like it. We don't fit the stereotype of a disabled person as we have some abilities. With visual impairment you can be 'legally blind' yet have some useful vision. It is a difficult thing to get your head around.
What help is there for people with disabilities?
In Guernsey there are not as many avenues of support as in the UK. There's also no financial benefit to having a disability. There's no real financial support available for the disabled in Guernsey.
The Guernsey Disability Alliance has a links page full of member organisations.
I also specialise in helping people to come to terms with their disability and find a way forward with their lives. If you want to find out more, please do not hesitate to contact me.
Not all stress is bad. We'll get that out the way first.
We need an element of stress in our lives to help us to meet deadlines, get through tests and exams, and help to focus us when we need to most. This type of stress is called Eustress. It gives us mild anxiety, sharpens the mind, and helps us get through the challenges life throws at us.
It becomes problematic when it becomes distress - when rather than sharpening our focus, attention, and thoughts, it clouds our judgement. We cannot see past the fog of stress.
Why we get stressed
Stress is a natural part of life. It's one of the key components that helped our species to survive so long.
All animals have the fight, flight, and freeze response. When i scare my rats (not on purpose) they either scarper into a safe space, or they freeze hoping that their not moving will result in me not seeing them. Humans have had to do the same throughout history. If we saw a lion on the savanna preparing to eat us then we would run as fast as we physically could. In times like that our bodies become ultra-efficient to help us to run faster than we usually could - almost becoming superhuman. This is where eustress comes in to action. Our focus sharpens so we recall our terrain and plan our escape in an efficient manner.
The less pleasant aspects of this stress-reaction are that our body shuts down less necessary processes. It shuts down the digestive process, it shuts down the immune system, and it clears out the bowels to make us lighter! (I am sure many people have experienced the need to get to the toilet very quickly when stressed and anxious).
This is marvellous for ensuring the survival of the species. The problem now, as I've probably said many times before, is that modern day stressors are less likely to be lions prowling around. They're more likely to be psychological threats. Losing a job; work stresses; money stresses; family stresses; and many other things that don't physically threaten our lives. When our lives are physically threatened the survival mechanism is useful. Otherwise, we really do not need our hearts to start racing to pump our glycogenated blood around to the legs to ensure the muscles have sufficient energy to power our bodies away from the threat. Maybe you've found your legs 'running' whilst you're sat at your desk at work!?
Stress & Health
)Distress in itself is not a pleasant feeling.
We are all going to experience distress at some point in life. When it is prolonged, when it becomes chronic stress, there are many consequences for our physical health. None of them are good.
As mentioned above, our immune function reduces. You may have experienced this in the past when you have had a cold following a stressful time. I recall that when writing my doctoral thesis I managed to regrow my tonsils just so my body could give me tonsillitis. Something I'd not experienced since having them removed as a child. We can get over colds, and tonsillitis. These are short-term effects. Chronic stress can, however, open the door to much more insidious illnesses such as cancer. This is why stress management is such an important aspect of cancer care as stress can reduce efficacy of cancer treatment.
Persistent stress, due to the strain on the heart, and the increased blood pressure, can result in thickened arteries (atherosclerosis). This is a leading cause of coronary heart disease and stroke.
Furthermore, due to the reduced digestive function, there's an increased risk of stomach ulcers.
The above are the most serious of the potential issues. There are many others such as headaches, lack of concentration, fatigue, muscle pain, dizziness, amongst others.
Ways to manage/deal with stress.
Firstly, you can make an appointment to see someone like me. As a psychologist I use a variety of tools to help people to deal with their stress in new ways. I pride myself in having a versatile toolkit that helps me to achieve great results and use ACT, mindfulness, hypnotherapy, and BWRT. I've helped many people in Guernsey, I have direct referrals from local employers wanting to help their employees through difficult situations, and I've worked with people across the globe via skype.
This option, unfortunately, is not available to all. There is state-funded support yet the waiting list can be 6-10 months long. I believe they are working hard to reduce this and your GP could refer you if necessary.
There are also many self-help tools available and can help you to develop a different relationship with stress - I'll list a few that I know have help people in the past:
Some may try to manage stress through eating chocolate, spooning a whole tub of Haagen Dazs into their mouths, or imbibing alcohol. These things can work wonderfully in the short term. Not always, but sometimes. The issue comes when it's our weight that's a significant contributor to our stress. Or the things we do when we've had a little too much to drink, combined with the fact alcohol is a depressant.
It's important to identify what and who in life is important to you. If it's important that you provide for your family, have a secure home, and live a healthy life then none of the above coping mechanisms will really help to facilitate any of those values. We all fall into those traps occasionally, some fall further than others.
More fruitful ways of dealing with stressors can be things such as painting, or another form of creative expression; exercise (not just the gym, but walking along the coast can have many psychological health benefits, as well as some physical health benefits); socialising with a friend or a loved-one (not necessarily in person. You can call someone, Skype someone, or meet someone; or, you can engage in a mindfulness based activity. These are just a few. As everyone's been stressed before everyone knows things that help reduce the impact of stress on their lives. We just don't always allow us to recognise that fact.
I was having a conversation with a friend of a friend on Facebook the other day and she mentioned her fibromyalgia. As someone who is extremely interested in helping people to deal with chronic pain I thought I'd chip in with some, what I deemed useful, advice. I suggested the seek psychological pain management!
This seemingly offended the friend's friend. She was adamant that she was delighted with her current specialist as they 'knew' that the pain was not in her head.
Now, as an ACT therapist I don't deem it important whether the pain has a physiological cause or not. What is important to me is whether the pain experience is real and whether it is negatively impacting someone's life. After further discussion she finally realised I knew what I was talking about and I had dug myself out of the hole I had inadvertently dug.
It made me realise, or consolidated a realisation, that people have the perspective that as their pain is physical there's no way that seeing a psychologist can help in any way at all. The thing is, many people have thought that way in the past, have seen a psychologist, learnt psychological skills to deal with the pain in a different way, and have reaped the benefits.
Getting back onto irritable bowel syndrome. It's a condition that is very real and can severely impact the quality of life of someone suffering with IBS. As it's a very physical condition with such apparent consequences, how on earth can a psychological intervention help? Well, there's lots of theories but there's one thing I can say for certain. It does help.
I've had two relatively recent testimonials published to my website from people that had exhausted the medical route and wanted to try something new. I use an evidence-based gut-focused hypnotherapy to make significant improvements in the symptoms of IBS. This treatment is recommended by NICE for people that have not improved with medication, and is used within some NHS trusts. It's also used in the USA.
If you live in Guernsey, I can deliver this treatment programme over 7 sessions (6 of which are 30 minutes so half-sessions), face-to-face. If you don't live in Guernsey I also offer online therapies and can deliver IBS treatment online via either Skype, FaceTime, or vSee.
Here's snippets of the testimonials. The full wording can be found on my homepage.
"I contacted Tim because my IBS became so bad that I was willing to try anything. I must say that I was amazed with the effects the therapy had on me within the first session alone! I am very much converted to hypnosis and could not praise Tim enough - thanks to him, my stomach is better than it has been for a long time and I am able to manage my stress much more effectively."
"Each session left me feeling calm and relaxed, but also energised! I often went for a walk afterwards! My IBS attacks have become very much reduced."
I never thought I'd be so passionate about IBS but I've found a treatment that I know can truly help improve peoples' lives, and it has already done so. I'd love to be able to offer this through a States of Guernsey contract so people can get this free of charge but at the present time that does not seem to be an option.
If you're suffering from IBS and want some relief, read the above quotes, read the information, maybe even google to confirm what I am saying is true. Then, once you've thought about it and decided to give it a shot, please contact me.
June 20 - 26
Another phobia that is surprisingly common is that of moths. Moth phobia is also known as mottephobia. There's also a generic term of entomophobia for the fear of insects.
Phobias in themselves are irrational, although that does not stop them often having significant impact on people's lives. Sometimes even preventing them from leaving the house out of sheer fear.
There are treatments available, such as my new rapid treatment that can resolve phobias within 1 to 2 sessions and can also be delivered online. It's amazingly quick, and has been extremely effective on many others in the past with phobias.
Then you can get back to the business of appreciating the role that insects play in the animal kingdom.
Nudging the brain towards healthier choices...
In the not too distant past nudge theory was popular, thanks to David Cameron thinking it could subtly encourage brits to engage in healthier lifestyles. This is technically a form of manipulation, albeit manipulation with the public's interest at heart (as well as huge economic savings for the government).
Now, scientists at UC Berkeley think they have found an area within the brain, the orbitofrontal complex, where decision making takes place. They propose that a device could be created that can acknowledge when an unhealthy decision is about to be made, then interacting with that decision to shift it towards a healthy behaviour. This could be fantastic for a wide array of addictions, including food or substance misuse.
Whilst the notion of a device to change behaviour is great, do we really need an expensive piece of kit to shift our neural patterns? The human brain is so plastic that everything we do in life creates new neural patterns (1).
The human brain is made up of billions of neurons, making up trillions of synaptic connections, all form to make us who we are.
Within my work I am interested in incorporating neuroscience into psychotherapy to deliver more effective treatments, and a technique that I am currently studying is helping me to do just that. Once I have qualified in it I shall discuss this further, although I have noted many successes already. It works in a similar way to the device proposed by UC Berkeley, although requires nothing intrusive. It's a modern method that is helping improve the results I see in my clients. I am currently using it as an adjunctive treatment with people with a broad array of concerns, but have tried it with people with phobias, fears, and anxieties with apparent great success already.
Within my extant clients I have seen their confidence boosted - their entire demeanour change.
This week I commence another interesting journey, treating generalised anxiety disorder! It's an exciting prospect as should the method prove successful then GAD could be significantly improved in as few as 3 sessions. Much faster, and more effective, than the anti-anxiety tablets on the market.
It's an exciting time in the field of psychology. The NHS is starting to use this new method to great effect and in my small practice I am noticing amazing effects too.
Keep your eyes peeled for updates as I progress through this training. If you'd like to book in for a session please contact me. The impact on anxiety is something that needs to be seen to be believed.
Chronic pain is pain that lasts 3 or more months. It can become debilitating impacting daily activities such as working, playing with the kids, exercising, spending time with friends and family, and much much more.
Historically the treatments of choice have been medications and physiotherapy. On there own these can work, but often they are just a short-term fix. In the long-run the pain returns. Sometimes when it does return, it's worse!
I am offering an alternative. An evidence-based approach to provide you with the psychological skills to deal with your pain in a more effective way. This may sound strange as your pain is physical, not psychological. That is true, but the way you think about your pain, react to your pain, and are troubled by your pain is controlled by your mind.
With this 8-week programme I use techniques that have been used successfully throughout the world by expert pain psychologists. Research has shown that most people attending this type of programme experience:
If you are fed up and want to get your life back then contact me today. There are limited places available and there is an introductory rate for this programme.
Venue: Le Grand Courtil Extra-Care Scheme Training Room, St Martins
Starting Date: Tuesday 24 May 2016 (then weekly for 8 weeks)
Time: 7:30pm to 9:00pm
During my time working in London I became aware of many things. Not everyone wants the same thing. Not everything works for everyone.
Some people love one-to-one therapy, others prefer groups. Some like a mix of the two. There are benefits to a group session:
As a psychologist in Guernsey, a place where healthcare is relatively expensive, I am striving to deliver support to a broad array of people. Not only those who have insurance, or want one-to-one sessions, but also those who prefer to attend groups. To start this process I am planning to start an IBS group, starting on Monday 21 March at La Nouvelle Maraitaine, Vale (Opposite Vale Douzaine Rooms), with plans to introduce a chronic pain management group in the near future to prevent people having to wait for six months to learn how to manage their pain.
The IBS Group Programme
The IBS Group will be 7 sessions, once a fortnight. Halfway through each group member will receive a recording to listen to at home - ideally five times a week.
The group will be a safe and supportive place. A place of comfort, relaxation, and free of any judgment.
Who Would Benefit?
If you have had IBS for more than a year and are struggling to manage the symptoms with tablets then this group is for you. This programme, using gut-focused hypnotherapy, has been found to be effective and has been recommended by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (the people who decide the treatments available on the NHS).
The two main researchers in this field are Professor Peter Whorwell and Professor Olafur Palsson. Professor Palsson developed the North Carolina Protocol, which is the protocol used in this programme. Prof. Palsson found that this is effective in over 80% of those who receive the treatment, although states that in his clinical experience this number is higher).
I have tested this protocol locally and found it to be extremely effective in siginficantly reducing severe IBS symptoms.
Who Can Attend?
If you suffer from IBS then you're welcome to come along. It is estimated that 20% of the population experiences IBS, most experience onset in their 30s or 40s, yet only 25% of people seek medical support. IBS is not a pleasant condition and medicine has yet to discover its cause. Through this relaxing treatment the symptoms can be managed - reduced down to negligible. This can boost your quality of life as you are no longer living in fear of a sudden need to go to the bathroom - or the discomfort of not being able to go to the toilet.
If you're not comfortable talking to friends or family about your IBS symptoms, this group will consist of others experiencing similar to you. You can realise that you are not alone.
Whilst more women experience IBS symptoms, men do get IBS too.
Invest time, and a small amount of money in your health and wellbeing.
Contact me for information - the flyer is attached below for information.
The first group will be at a discount to the proceeding groups so if you want to try it, sign up now.
This treatment is also available on a one-to-one basis for those who prefer that. Please contact me to book your place if you think this may help you.
Don't Just Take My Word for It!
I have suffered from IBS for 10+ years, with severe abdominal cramps and without going into too much detail-running to the loo at a moments notice! It is extremely annoying and very inconvenient. Even though I avoided certain foods; if I was upset, worried or stressed then it would flare up. So when I saw that Dr Tim Mahy, a chartered psychologist, offered hypnotherapy for IBS, I though it was worth a try. I attended a course of 6 sessions, a fortnight apart. I was a bit nervous at the first session, but Dr Tim put me at ease. I found that even after the first session my symptoms seemed to decrease. I thought it might be coincidence but as the weeks went on I could see a definite change. After the 2nd week Dr Tim gave me a CD to listen to on a daily basis,as a top-up as it were. Each session left me feeling calm and relaxed, but also energised! I often went for a walk afterwards! My IBS attacks have become very much reduced. If I feel them increasing, I just listen to my CD again. Dr Tim Mahy has a friendly, caring personality and a very relaxing voice! I would heartily recommend seeing Dr Tim for IBS hypnotherapy.
Most people experience some nights when their thoughts take over and sleep becomes a challenge. When this persists to become a regular, chronic, problem, then it may be time to seek out some support.
The benefit is, sleep is something that can be pretty easily fixed. Normal patterns can be created and the evidence for this is pretty extensive.
One of the best methods is a cognitive and behavioural approach, aptly named CBT-I. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia.
As someone truly passionate about my work as a psychologist, and about self-development, I have recently trained in CBT-I and have seen the real benefits that people can achieve. If your sleep patterns are disrupted, it could result in poor performance at work; poor memory retention; challenges beating depression or physical health concerns.
By visiting a psychologist for CBT-I you will be engaging in an educational growth process that is delivered over just one month. One full session (50 minutes), followed by three follow-up sessions (20 minutes). This is all that is needed to make significant changes. There would be some work to do between sessions to maximise the benefits of the programme.
If you are interested in beating insomnia then give me a call on 07781 105432; email me on email@example.com; or use the contact forms on this website.
Beware of Pseudoscientific Nonsense
I became very concerned this week reading the advice of gym owners, personal trainers, and unqualified nutritional "experts" spouting their unqualified nonsensical advice on how to die young. Or, as they term it, how to reduce your cholesterol.
These people generally do not have access to evidence-based science - access to this type of literature costs a pretty penny. Although, I am not sure they would let facts get in the way of a good story, and an expensive product sale.
One of the products I saw recommended for reducing cholesterol is coconut oil!
Coconut Oil - Good or Bad?
Some people will have you believe that coconut oil is a total health panacea. A cure-all for ails such as alzheimer's to high cholesterol. There is no evidence to support this.
Whilst one study does suggest that males may be able to reduce their waist circumference measurements by taking virgin coconut oil (reference) there is no evidence that it boosts the good cholesterol (High Density Lipoproteins) or reduces the bad cholesterol (Low density lipoproteins). Actually, research from Liverpool Hope University has shown that coconut oil has no statistically significant impact on HDL cholesterol, Total cholesterol, waist circumference, fat %, fat density, total body weight, hip to weight ratio, or BMI (reference).
Professor David Colquhoun from the University of Queensland's School of Medicine has stated "there have been bizarre claims that coconut oil lowers cholesterol, cures alzheimer's disease, and even prevents heart disease, however the research does not support this... in fact, coconut oil is full of unhealthy saturated fat, which raises bad cholesterol levels, clogs the arteries and increases the risk of heart disease".
According to Dr Jay Kenney coconut oil is higher in long-chain saturated fatty acids than animal fats. Many of the positive claims surrounding coconut oil depend on the medium-chain fatty acids that the body does not absorb. According to Dr Kenney coconut oil is 92% saturated fat, the vast majority is the worst type of fat for you - a higher proportion than animal fats (reference).
There are some minor disputes over coconut oil but there is no concrete evidence to support the claims made by unqualified people, who happen to sell coconut oil in their shops. Coconut oil likely increases your risk of heart disease and therefore it's advisable to take the advice of unqualified self-labelled nutritional experts with a pinch of salt and wait for scientists to come up with a wholly conclusive answer.
Ways to reduce cholesterol, the healthy way
Obviously, some need statins and the GP will prescribe these if needed. There are scaremongering stores amongst some regarding statins but when people believe such scaremongering techniques they are more likely to experience side-effects (as discussed by Dr Ben Goldacre). This nocebo effect has had further evidence lately with people taking a generic ibuprofen based drug reporting side-effects as they deem the branded version to have less side-effects. The active drugs were actually identical but similarly to the placebo effect where we experience positive benefits through psychological beliefs, we can also experience negative benefits, illnesses, through psychological beliefs (reference). Statins are very effective at reducing LDL cholesterol (reference) and unqualified advice from non-medically trained individuals should be ignored.
It has been shown that through dietary interventions cholesterol levels can be significantly reduced, although its worth noting that individual differences mean that some are affected differently. One piece of advice that some give relates to the eating of nuts. Specifically walnuts and almonds. It has been demonstrated recently that eating almonds and walnuts can reduce cholesterol but it is not that simple. There is a spectrum of impact. Some people can reduce their cholesterol by 10-15% by just introducing nuts into their diet. Others experience no reduction. Others experience an increase.
In a recent BBC documentary Dr Michael Mosley demonstrated a diet as effective as statins in reducing cholesterol. The portfolio diet included eating nuts high in plant sterols (almonds, hazelnuts, and walnuts), reducing the intake of dairy, substituting with soya alternatives, cutting out bacon, sausages, eggs, and chicken skin, and eating 75g or oats a day. Dr Mosley reduced his LDL cholesterol by 42%. The simple introduction of 75g of porridge oats into the diet reduced cholesterol by an average of 13%. Simple interventions can be extremely effective (reference).
Disclaimer: If you do have high cholesterol please do not just stop your statin medication without proper medical advice from a qualified physician. Should you adopt a dietary plan to reduce cholesterol please ensure you regularly visit your GP to assess your LDL levels. It is important that LDL cholesterol is monitored to ensure it does not become dangerously high.
Many people seriously contemplate the meaning of life and this has raised such questions as: Are we Human Beings, or Human Doings? Many people are constantly doing - work, sports, social lives etc. Often the act of being is considered boring! It is something that you see frequently on social media "i'm bored".
In the midst of all of this is a question that I have contemplated myself in the past, we are the human race and life is becoming more and more of a race. A race to the finish line. I am often wondering why people are so desperate to cross that finish line first.
Ambition is not a bad thing, not in the slightest. Ambition to achieve an early death, however, is. Many contributors to an early death are avoidable and manageable, such as stress, obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking etc. These are still pretty common behaviours and the media today has begun discussing how around 90% of individuals with diabetes now have type 2 diabetes - a condition that is wholly avoidable through a healthy lifestyle, and reversible through lifestyle changes. The number of those with Type 2 Diabetes has soared by 60% in just the past 10 years and is predicted to put a considerable strain on the health system in the coming years. The current cost of Type 2 diabetes to the UK is £8.8bn. This is expected to increase to £16.9bn by 2035, unless some some drastic lifestyle changes occur in the population. As I'm Guernsey based I shall extrapolate down to estimate possible costs to Guernsey (I don't have the actual local figures and due to the way the health system is set-up, it'll be different, but using an overtly simplified extrapolation that Guernsey has approximately 1 person for every 1000 UK inhbitants the estimates could be a cost of £8m, rising to £16.9m. It is likely significantly less burden to the health system directly, but when incorporating the cost to islanders it is likely similar. The overall economic cost, including the loss of productivity, in the UK is estimated to be £23.7bn.
How Can I Avoid Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is totally preventable through simple lifestyle changes. Eating more healthily (especially with the avoidance of high sugar food stuffs), losing weight, stopping smoking, increasing your physical activity (not necessarily through a gym, maybe a simple change as parking at a further carpark, walking to work, using the stairs rather than the lift, enjoying a coastal cliff walk etc), avoidance of excessive alcohol consumption. Stress reduction can also play a significant role in improving the insulin response.
Why Should I Care?
Diabetes has serious knock-on implications to one's health. It causes circulation issues resulting in an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. It can result in the loss of sensation in limbs due to starvation of the nerves (in some extreme cases this can lead to amputation of limbs). It can cause blindness (through a condition called diabetic retinopathy), and kidney problems. Poor management of the condition considerably exacerbates the risks of the above occurring.
Type 2 Diabetes Could Bankrupt the Health Services
Most people want value for money from their heath services.
As a species, through scientific advancement, we are living longer. Our bodies aren't built to last as long as they currently do, but through living sensibly we can live a long, healthy and fruitful life. By doing this we also increase that chances that, should we get ill during old age, we will have a health service that can support us; make us comfortable; and nurse us back to wellness. If we continue living exuberant and wasteful lifestyles then the advancements we have made will be undone. No longer will we be living long fruitful lives, but lives of misery and pain. Lives where we have to medicate ourselves each day to survive. As this happens the financial burden on the health services will become unsustainable and the cost to the end user will have to increase.
We have the opportunity to enjoy life. To eat responsibly. To drink responsibly. To exercise.
The occasional splurge is not a bad thing! Life is for living! Although use things as a treat. A couple of glasses of wine at the weekend is a treat that may well be deserved after a tough week. A bottle of wine a night cannot be classed as a treat - it is part of your daily consumables and is a crutch. Similarly with cake, chocolate, and other deliciously unhealthy foodstuffs. We do not NEED them to survive and they lose their treat value if we overindulge.
Make some simple changes, live a long, healthy, comfortable life, and save yourself the future expense of having to prop up a struggling healthcare system.
Sources and Further Information
I'm a doctor of psychology, born in Guernsey, educated at a tertiary level in Bristol, Bath, and London. Having worked and trained with some of the leading Health Psychologists in the UK, and having a passion about how Health Psychology can truly benefit many people, I now want to spread the word, as well as offer consultations to people wanting to make changes in their lives.